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IATA危险品规章 Dangerous Goods Regulations 2(148)

时间:2014-11-10 01:35来源:IATA 作者:航空 点击:
  
DYE, N.O.S. Are cyclic or ring compounds, containing an amino, hydroxy, sulfonic acid, or quinone group or a combination of these groups used in the manufacture of dyes.
DYE INTERMEDIATE N.O.S. —see DYE, N.O.S
ELECTROLYTE. This term is commonly applied to the dilute sulphuric acid used in the ordinary lead plate storage batteries. The solution of potassium hydrox-ide used in some storage batteries is also called electro-lyte. The term electrolyte is sometimes applied to the strong sulphuric acid which is meant for use in storage batteries after dilution with water.
ELEVATED TEMPERATURE SUBSTANCE. A substance which is transported or offered for transport:
●in the liquid state at a temperature at or above 100°C;
●in the liquid state with a flashpoint above 60°C and which is intentionally heated to a temperature above its flashpoint; or
●in a solid state and at a temperature at or above 240°C.
760
EN (standard). A European standard published by the European Committee for Standardization (CEN) (CEN–36 rue de Stassart, B–1050 Brussels, Belgium).
ENTIRE LOAD. (Explosive Material Only). Means such as substantial proportion that the practical hazard should be assessed by assuming simultaneous explosion of the whole of the explosive content of the load or package.
EXCEPTED PACKAGE. (Radioactive Material Only). Is a packaging provision (see 10.5.8) which may be used to package radioactive material in limited quantities, instru-ments or articles which contain radioactive material; all of these are limited by the applicable activity limits contained in Table 10.3.D. As well, empty packages which previously contained radioactive material as limited by the requirements of 10.3.11.1.5 may be shipped under these provisions. Because the activities are so limited, categor-isation, labelling and Shipper's Declarations are not re-quired for shipments prepared under these provisions. Therefore the term “radioactive material in limited quan-tity” should not be confused with the “limited quantity” provisions (see Subsection 2.7) as applied to non-radioactive materials. Similarly, the “excepted package” provisions as applied to radioactive materials should not be confused with the “excepted quantity” provisions (see Subsection 2.6) applied to non-radioactive materials.
EXCEPTION. A provision in these Regulations which excludes a specific item of dangerous goods from the requirements normally applicable to that item.
EXCESS BAGGAGE (Baggage consigned as cargo). Baggage which a passenger has presented to check-in as accompanied checked baggage, but which exceeds the passenger's baggage allowance specified by the operator and which is consequently consigned as cargo in order to be sent to the same destination as the passenger.
Note:
This is commonly referred to as “unaccompanied bag-gage” or “baggage consigned as cargo” (see The Air Cargo Tariff (TACT) Rules 3.7.8).
EXCLUSIVE USE. (Radioactive Material Only). The sole use, by a single shipper; of an aircraft or of a large freight container, in respect of which all initial, intermediate and final loading and unloading is carried out in accordance with the directions of the shipper or consignee.
EXEMPTION. Authorization, other than an approval, granted by an appropriate national authority providing relief from the provisions of these Regulations. The requirements for exemptions are given in 1.2.6.
EXPELLING CHARGE. An explosive charge designed to eject the projectile from the parent article without damage.
EXPLODE. The verb used to indicate those explosive effects capable of endangering life and property through blast, heat and projection or missiles. It encompasses both deflagration and detonation.
EXPLOSION OF THE TOTAL CONTENTS. The phrase is used in testing a single article or package or a small stack of articles or packages.
EXPLOSIVE ARTICLE. An article containing one or more explosive substances.
EXPLOSIVE, BLASTING. Detonating explosive sub-stances used in mining, construction and similar tasks. Blasting explosives are assigned to one of five types. In addition to the ingredients listed, blasting explosives may also contain inert components such as kieselguhr, and minor ingredients such as colouring agents and stabilisers.
EXPLOSIVE, BLASTING, TYPE A. Substances consisting of liquid organic nitrates such as nitroglycerin or a mixture of such ingredients with one or more of the following: nitrocellulose, ammonium nitrate or other inorganic nitrates, aromatic nitro derivatives or combustible materials such as wood-meal and aluminium powder. These explosives must be in powdery, gelatinous or elastic form. The term includes dynamite, gelatine, blasting and gelatine dynamites.
EXPLOSIVE, BLASTING, TYPE B. Substances consisting of (a) a mixture of ammonium nitrate or other inorganic nitrates with an explosive such as trinitrotoluene, with or without other substances such as wood-meal and alu-minium powder, or (b) a mixture of ammonium nitrate or other inorganic nitrates with other combustible substances which are not explosive ingredients. Such explosives must not contain nitroglycerin, similar liquid organic nitrates, or chlorates.
EXPLOSIVE, BLASTING, TYPE C. Substances consisting of either potassium or sodium chlorate or potassium, sodium or ammonium perchlorates with organic nitro derivatives or combustible materials such as wood-meal or aluminium powder or a hydrocarbon. Such explosives must not contain nitroglycerin or similar liquid organic nitrates.
EXPLOSIVE, BLASTING, TYPE D. Substances consisting of a mixture of organic nitrated compounds and combust-ible materials such as hydrocarbons and aluminium powder. Such explosives must not contain nitroglycerin, similar liquid organic nitrates, chlorates or ammonium nitrate. The term generally includes plastic explosives.
EXPLOSIVE, BLASTING, TYPE E. Substances consisting of water as an essential ingredient and high proportions of ammonium nitrate or other oxidizers, some or all of which are in solution. The other constituents may include nitro derivatives such as trinitrotoluene, hydrocarbons or aluminium powder. The term includes explosives, emul-sion; explosive slurry and explosives, watergel.
 
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